Tentative date for session commencement; Last week of March, 2021

Total working weeks : 36 weeks

2nd Professional MBBS exam subjects

  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry

Subject: Physiology

Total number of lectures= 144

Tentative date of course completion: December 15, 2021

UnitTotal lectures  Tutor name
Sensory Physiology15Dr. Shagufta, Dr. Huma
Motor & integrative Physiology25Dr. Mudassar Roomi, Dr. Huma
Physiology of special senses20Dr. Mudassar Roomi, Dr. Shagufta
Endocrine Physiology22Dr. Mudassar Roomi, Dr. Shagufta, Dr. Huma
Renal Physiology28Dr. Shagufta, Dr. Mudassar Roomi, Dr. Huma
GIT Physiology20Dr. Shagufta, Dr. Mudassar Roomi, Dr. Huma
Reproduction Physiology15Dr. Huma, Dr. Shagufta

Subject: Anatomy & Histology

Total number of weeks = 36(working)

Total hours========== 272 hours (8 lectures/week)

Tentative date for commencement   :

Tentative date of course completion:

UnitTotal lectures 272Tutor name
Special Embryology  50Prof. Dr. Irfan Qadir  
Special Histology      46Prof. Dr. Mamoona Naheed
Neuroanatomy20+20Prof. Mian Azhar & Dr Nadia Majeed
Gross anatomy– Head & Neck25+25Prof. Mian Azhar & Dr Nadia Majeed
Gross anatomy– Abdomen & Pelvis28+28Prof. Mian Azhar&Dr. Nadia Majeed
Gross anatomy–Brain15+15Prof. Mian Azhar &Dr. Nadia Majeed

Subject: Biochemistry

Total number of lectures=

Tentative date of course completion: December 15, 2021

UnitTotal lectures  Tutor name
1.Bioenergetics6 Dr.Talmeez, Dr.Saleem
2. GIT6 Dr.Shamim
3. Carbohydrate Metabolism20 Dr.Saleem
4.Lipid Metabolism16Dr.Saleem,Dr.Talmeez
5.Protein Metabolism16Dr.Saleem, Dr.Shamim
6.Nucleotide Metabolism6Dr.Talmeez
7.Molecular Biology16Dr.Talmeez, Dr.Saleem, Dr.Shamim
8.Endocrinology12Dr.Saleem, Dr.Shamim & Dr.Talmeez.
10.Integration of Metabolism Feed Fast cycle4Dr.Saleem
Special EmbryologySpecial HistologyNeuroanatomyGross Anatomy
WEEK 1Introduction to CNS, Classification of receptors, Introduction to endocrine Physiology1.Development of H&N 2. Development of Pharyngeal arches    Endocrine system -Pituitary gland IIntroduction to NSIntroduction  Head & Neck Skull: Norma Frontalis Norma Verticalis & Occipitalis Norma LateralisOutline of ETC and metabolisms ETC components & its organization. Inhibitors
WEEK 2Nerve fibres, synapses, Hormones of pituitary glandDevelopment of Pharyngeal pouches and cleftsEndocrine system 1.Pituitary gland II 2.Thyroid and parathyroidReceptorsNorma basalis & cranial fossae Scalp: layers, blood supply, nerve supply & clinical aspectsChemiosmotic hypothesis of oxidative phosphorylation Oxidative phosphorylation. ATP synthesis in ETC, inhibitors and uncouplers of oxidative phosphorylation
WEEK 3Neurotransmitters, Somatic sensations, Disease related to growth hormone1.Clinicals of pharyngeal apparatus 2. Development of thyroid glandAdrenal glandSynapses and neurotransmittersOrbit: boundaries& contents Maxilla Mandible Face: MusclesComposition, secretion & regulation of GIT Juices Digestion of CHO Lipids ,Proteins & Nucleic acids
WEEK 4Ascending spinal pathways, Thyroid hormones: synthesis & actionsDevelopment of tongue1.Endocrine part of pancreas 2.GIT -Salivary glands -Parotid glandSpinal Cord I Gross featuresFace: Blood supply Face: Venous drainage Face: lymphatic drainage Face: Cutaneous innervation of faceAbsorption of CHO Lipids & Proteins , disorders of GIT, Peptic ulcers , Lactose intolerance etc GIT Hormone. site of synthesis and their  site of action. CCK etc
WEEK 5Sensory cortex, Abnormalities of thyroid function1.Development of face I 2.Development of face IIGIT -submandibular and sublingual glandsSpinal Cord II Internal FeaturesCranial Meninges Parotid region & 7th cranial nerve Hyoid bone Cervical vertebra & jointsIntroduction of Metabolism, Glycolysis reactions, types , fates of Pyruvate,  Lactic acidosi,oxidative decarboxylation
WEEK 6Pain and analgesia system, Insulin & its functionsDevelopment of palateGIT 1.Lip and oral cavity 2.Tongue and taste budsAscending tracts IDeep cervical fascia Introduction to triangles of neck & superficial structures Anterior triangle of neck i Anterior triangle of neck ii TCA Cycle, regulation & importance, gluconeogenesis
WEEK 7Temperature sensation, Diabetes mellitus1.Palatal defects I 2.Palatal defects IIGIT Oesophagus  Ascending tracts IIPosterior triangle of neck   Cervical plexus & 11th cranial nerve   Prevertebral region   Cervical sympathetic chainGlycogen metabolism & its disorders.
WEEK 8Classification of reflexes, Glucagon and its actionsRespiratory system I1.Stomach I 2.Stomach II  Descending Tracts ITemporal fossa   Infratemporal fossa: muscles of mastication, Maxillary artery   Infratemporal fossa: mandibular nerve, otic ganglion   Temporomandibular joint  HMP Pathway & Uronic acid Pathway & its disorders.
WEEK 9Stretch reflex & its significance, synthesis & functions of Adrenocortical hormones1.Respiratory system II 2.ClinicalsSmall intestine II  Descending tracts IITrigeminal nerve   Pterygopalatine fossa   Maxillary nerve   Nose and olfactory nerveMetabolism of Fructose & galactose along its disorders. Regulation of blood sugar level
WEEK 10Golgi tendon organ reflex, withdrawal reflex, Diseases related to adrenocortical hormonesDevelopment of Nervous system I1.Small intestine II 2.Large intestine IClinicals of Spinal cord IPara nasal air sinuses   Oral cavity &hard palate   Soft palate   Tongue and 12th cranial nerve Introduction of Insulin & glucagon & Diabetes Mellitus
WEEK 11Descending spinal tracts, Parathyroid hormone & calcium regulation1.Development of Nervous system II 2.ClinicalsLarge intestine IIClinicals of spinal cord IIPharynx & 9th cranial nerve   Larynx i Larynx ii & 10th cranial nerve   Eyelid and lacrimal apparatus    De novo synthesis of fatty acids. Elongation of fatty acid, synthesis of polyunsaturated fats. Synthesis and storage of TG in body.  
WEEK 12Term test 1    TERM TEST 1
WEEK 13Upper & lower motor neuron lesions, Fluid compartments & their abnormalitiesDevelopment of eye1.Liver I 2.Liver IIBrainstem I Medulla oblongata IExtra ocular muscles of eye   Coats of eyeball and 2nd 3rd and 4th cranial nerves   Vasculature and nerves of orbit   External ear & middle earOxidation of fatty acids (all types) ketone bodies synthesis & utilization.
WEEK 14Lesions of spinal cord, Starling forces and edema1.Development of ear 2.ClinicalsGall bladderBrainstem I Medulla oblongata IIInternal ear & 8th cranial nerve   Surface marking and radiologyCholesterol metabolism, Biosynthesis and fate of bile salts. Plasma lipoproteins
 WEEK 15Motor cortex, Glomerular filtrationDevelopment of CVS I1.Urinary system –Kidney I 2.Urinary system –Kidney IIBrainstem II Pons IBrain, Introduction of CNS  Cerebrum, Sulci, Gyri Lobes of Brain MeningesMetabolism of Phospholipid & their disorders. Fatty liver.
WEEK 16Cerebellum: functions & dysfunction, Tubular reabsorption1.Development of CVS II 2.Development of CVS IIIUrinary system-Urinary bladder and ureter, urethraBrainstem II Pons IICortical Areas i  Cortical Areas ii Interpeduncular fossa Topography of spinal cordProtein turnover in human body; nitrogen balance, Inter-organ amino acid exchange in normal post-absorptive state
WEEK 17Basal ganglia: functions & dysfunction, Micturition reflex & its abnormalitiesDevelopment of CVS IV1.Male GS Testis I 2.Testis IIBrainstem III Midbrain ITopography of medulla,  Topography of pons, Topography of mid brain, Blood supply and clinical of brain stemDegradation of amino acids, removal of nitrogen from amino acids by transamination and deamination, sources of ammonia in body, transport of ammonia, ammonia toxicity
WEEK 18Speech & its abnormalities, Formation of dilute & concentrated urine1.Development of CVS V 2. Development of Arterial systemEpididymisBrainstem III Midbrain IITopography of Cerebellum, Lobes of cerebellum, Blood supply, Clinical of cerebellumFate of ammonia in body, reactions and regulation of the urea cycle along with metabolic disorders of the urea cycle.
WEEK 19Sleep physiology, Regulation of ECF osmolarity & sodium concentration, diureticsDevelopment of Art. Sys. II1.Ductus deferens 2. Seminal vesicles4th ventricleLimbic system, Reticular formation, Basal ganglia, ClinicalAn overview of amphibolic intermediates formed from the carbon skeleton of amino acids. Concept of glucogenic and ketogenic amino acids metabolism of individual Amino acids ,( Glycine )  
WEEK 20Epilepsy and EEG, Regulation of acid-base balance1.Development of Venous system 2.Development of GIT ForegutProstateCerebellum IThalamus , Hypothalamus, Third & lateral ventricles, Radiology and spottingMetabolism of  Pheylalanaine ,Tyrosine ,Tryptophan, Methionine with disorders.  Synthesis of special Products like creatine & catecholamine
WEEK 21Memory, CSF & hydrocephalus, Acid-base disordersDevelopment of liver, gallbladder and pancreasFemale RS 1.Ovaries 2.Fallopian tubesCerebellum IIAnterior  abdominal wall I, Anterior abdominal wall ii. Rectus sheath, Neurovasculature of anterior abdominal wallDe novo synthesis o Purine & Pyrimidine ,salvage pathways degradation of Purine & Pyrimidine.
 WEEK 22Limbic system, thalamus, Pathophysiology of acute renal failure1.Development of midgut I 2.Development of midgut IIUterus IClinicals of cerebellumInguinal canal, Spermatic cord, scrotum and testes, Inguinal herniasDisorders associated  with Purine nucleotide. Natural & synthetic derivatives of  Purine & Pyrimidine  & role in health & diseases.
WEEK 23Hypothalamus, control of posture & equilibrium, Pathophysiology of chronic renal failure, dialysisDevelopment of hindgut1.Uterus II 2. Cervix and vaginaTutorialPeritoneum i, Peritoneum ii, Peritoneum iii, Stomach & celiac trunkReplication of DNA :Reactions of DNA replication in eukaryotes and prokaryotes, Types of damage to DNA and DNA repair. Mutations.  
WEEK 24Term test 2    TERM TEST 2
WEEK 25Physiology of vision: refraction, accommodation, phototransduction, ANS physiology1.Development of Urogenital system I 2.ClinicalsSpecial senses -Eye I CorneaDiencephalon ThalamusLiver, Extrahepatic biliary apparatus, Pancreas, Spleen & clinicalsTranscription steps, Post-transcriptional modifications, RNA Reverse transcription in retroviruses and its relation to cancers and AIDS, Translation (protein synthesis): The genetic code; components required for protein synthesis, composition of eukaryotic and prokaryotic ribosomes.
WEEK 26Physiology of vision: neurophysiology, color vision, Control of GIT functions: nervous and hormonalDevelopment of Urinary bladder and Urethra1.Eye II 2.Eye IIIHypothalamusDuodenum & recesses, Jejunum & ileum, Ceacum &appendix, Colon & blood supplyPost-translational modifications of polypeptide chains; protein targeting, Regulation of gene expression. Molecular biology techniques.
WEEK 27Mastication & swallowing, Physiology of hearing1.Development of gonads 2. ClinicalsEar I3rd ventricle And lateral ventriclePortal vein & Portocaval anastomosis, Posterior abdominal wall i, Posterior abdominal  wall ii, Clinicals posterior abdominal wallOncogenes and their role in carcinogenesis, mechanisms of activation of proto-oncogenes; tumour suppressor genes and oncogenic viruses.  Genetic basis of disease, Important tumor markers and their clinical significance
WEEK 28Motor functions of stomach, Chemical senses: smell & tasteDevelopment of male genital ducts1.Ear II 2.Ear IIICerebrum IKidneys, Ureters and supra renal glnads, Vassels and nerves & clinicals of kidney and suprarenal glandsOver view on Endocrine glands. ,classification of hormone on the basis of mechanism of action. ,hormones of ant & Pituitary glands. Growth hormone  synthesis secretion mechanism  & biochemical roe with disorders. Prolactin mechanism of action & role.
 WEEK 29Movements of intestines, Defecation reflex, Vestibular apparatus1.Development of female genital ducts 2.Development of male external genitaliaRevisionCerebrum IIBony pelvis I, Bony pelvis ii, Pelvic floor I, Pelvic floor ii hormones of Post Pituitary gland (ADH & Oxytocine ). chemistry, mechanism of action their  roles and disorders.
WEEK 30Secretion of saliva, Gastric secretion Menstrual cycle & its regulationDevelopment of female external genitaliaTutorialBasal nuclei    Pelvic peritoneum & fascia, Vasculature, Nerves and lymph nodes of pelvis, Urinary bladder, RectumTSH & Thyroid hormone synthesis, storage, release, mechanism of action , role & disorders, Parathyroid hormone, Calcitonin.  
WEEK 31Pancreatic secretion & bile, Physiology of puberty & menopause1.Clinical correlates I 2.Clinical correlates IIRevisionReticular formation Limbic system ANSMale reproductive organs, Prostate, Female reproductive organs( ovary) & (uterine tube), Uterus & Lymphatic drainage of pelvic visceraHormones of adrenal cortex & medulla, Male & Female gonadal hormones.
WEEK 32Disorders of swallowing, Disorders of stomach, Physiology of male reproductionRevisionTutorialBlood  supply of CNS & Meninges and CSF circulationFascia & pouches of urogenital triangle, Male urogenital triangle, Female urogenital triangle, Anal canal & Ischiorectal fossaDefination & classes of xenobiotics Role of Cytochrome P450 in Phase 1 reactions. Phase 2 metabolism  of  xenobiotics & their subtypes of reactions.
WEEK 33General disorders of GIT, Male & female infertilityRevisionRevisionTutorialRadiology & surface marking  Fed Fast Cycle & starvation.Basic concept of intermediary metabolism An overview of regulation and integration of various mrtabolic pathways (role of liver,heart,brain, skeletal muscle and adipose tissue
WEEK 34Disorders of intestines, Physiology of Pregnancy, placentaRevisionTutorialTutorial Spotting Water & electrolyte balance & acid base  regulation.
WEEK 35Parturition & lactation Neonatal physiology, ContraceptionRevision RevisionRevisionSpotting Revision
WEEK 36RevisionRevisionRevisionRevisionRevision Revision.